Professional School Resources

Types of Professional Schools

Medical schools offer comprehensive programs to train individuals to become physicians or doctors. These programs typically cover a broad range of medical sciences, clinical skills, and patient care. Students learn about anatomy, physiology, pharmacology, pathology, and more, alongside practical training in hospitals and clinics. Graduates from medical schools become qualified medical professionals, capable of diagnosing and treating a variety of illnesses and conditions, and often pursue careers in fields like primary care, surgery, or specialized medical practices.

Pharmacy schools provide education and training to prepare individuals for careers as pharmacists. Programs typically cover topics such as pharmacology, pharmaceutical chemistry, drug therapy, and patient care. Students learn about medication management, drug interactions, and pharmaceutical compounding, among other subjects. Graduates from pharmacy schools become licensed pharmacists who work in various settings, including retail pharmacies, hospitals, pharmaceutical companies, and research institutions.

Masters programs

Master’s degree programs offer advanced education and training in specialized fields. These programs typically build upon undergraduate studies and provide in-depth knowledge and skills in specific areas. Students may pursue master’s degrees in disciplines such as Biomedical Engineering, Computational Biology, Data Science, or other related fields. Graduates from master’s degree programs may pursue careers in research, industry, academia, or other professional settings, depending on their area of specialization.

Doctoral programs, leading to PhD degrees, offer the highest level of education and training in academic and research fields. PhD programs typically involve advanced coursework, comprehensive examinations, and original research leading to a dissertation. Students in PhD programs delve deeply into their chosen area of study, making significant contributions to knowledge through their research. Graduates from PhD programs often pursue careers in academia, research institutions, government agencies, or industry, where they contribute to scientific advancement and innovation.

Veterinary schools offer programs to train individuals to become veterinarians, who diagnose and treat illnesses, injuries, and diseases in animals. Students in veterinary programs study animal biology, anatomy, physiology, pharmacology, and surgery, among other subjects. Practical training is a significant component, allowing students to gain hands-on experience working with animals in clinical settings. Graduates from veterinary schools become licensed veterinarians who may work in private practices, research laboratories, zoos, or government agencies.

Dental schools provide education and training for individuals pursuing careers as dentists. Programs typically cover dental anatomy, oral pathology, dental radiology, periodontology, and dental procedures. Students learn how to diagnose and treat oral diseases, perform dental surgeries, and provide preventive care to patients. Clinical experience is a crucial aspect of dental education, allowing students to develop proficiency in patient care and dental procedures. Graduates from dentistry schools become licensed dentists who may work in private practices, community health centers, hospitals, or academic institutions.

What to consider when applying to professional school

Research and Preparation
  • Research different schools and programs to find the ones that best fit your interests, career goals, and preferences.
  • Review admission requirements, including prerequisites, standardized test scores (such as the MCAT for medical school, PCAT for pharmacy school, GRE for some programs), GPA expectations, and any additional application materials.
  • Familiarize yourself with application deadlines for each school and program.
  • Ensure you have completed all necessary prerequisite coursework required for admission to your desired program.
  • Maintain a competitive GPA in your undergraduate coursework, as this is an important factor in the admissions process for professional schools.
Standardized Testing
  • Register for and take any required standardized tests (e.g., MCAT, PCAT, GRE) well in advance of application deadlines.
  • Prepare thoroughly for these exams by utilizing study materials, practice tests, and possibly preparatory courses or tutoring services.
Letters of Recommendation
  • Request letters of recommendation from professors, employers, or other individuals who can speak to your academic abilities, character, and suitability for the program.
  • Provide recommenders with ample notice and guidance on what information you would like them to highlight in their letters.
Personal Statement/Essays
  • Write a compelling personal statement or essay that highlights your motivations for pursuing a career in your chosen field, relevant experiences, and personal attributes that make you a strong candidate.
  • Tailor your statement to each school or program, emphasizing why you are interested in attending that particular institution.


Tips for Writing a Personal Statement

Biggest Mistakes When Writing a Personal Statement

Editing Tips

Interview Preparation
  • Prepare for interviews if invited by schools for further consideration.
  • Practice common interview questions and responses, and be ready to discuss your academic background, experiences, career goals, and reasons for choosing the specific program.


How to Prepare for an Interview

Medical School Interview Questions

Things to Know from a Former Interviewee